Introduction to study of book of Genesis – Book of Beginnings – Book of Origins
Overall introduction and discussion of structure next week
Gen. 1:1 “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.”
Tremendous statement of global truth – foundational to so much of our understanding of man’s relationship to God; yet a truth that is almost universally rejected today by the unsaved in our culture who have come to accept the brainwashing of the theory of evolution – in fact a multitude of Christians probably struggle with this concept of divine creation as well.
Can’t really deal with ultimate origins without also dealing with ultimate destiny;
We always like to pick a key verse to focus on as our verse for the year for Solid Rock Community Church – that is what takes us to Rev. 21:6 today and its overall context which is verses 1-8
UNDERSTANDING ULTIMATE DESTINY SHOULD CREATE A THIRST FOR THE FREE GIFT OF ETERNAL LIFE THAT ONLY JESUS CHRIST CAN GIVE
TAKING GOD’S GIFT OF THE PROMISED LAND –
SPIRITUAL VICTORY IN THE BOOK OF JOSHUA
“Consecrate yourselves, for tomorrow the Lord will do wonders among you.”
— (Joshua 3:5)
CLAIMING GOD’S PROMISES FOR SPIRITUAL VICTORY REQUIRES ENGAGING AND ELIMINATING THE ENEMY BY STRENGTH AND COURAGE FORTIFIED BY GRACE THROUGH FAITH
I. (1:1 – 5:15) ENGAGING THE ENEMY — ENTERING THE PROMISED LAND
II. (6:1 – 12:24) ELIMINATING THE ENEMY – TAKING POSSESSION OF THE PROMISED LAND
III. (13:1 – 22:34) EARMARKING THE PROMISED LAND FOR ITS DIVINELY INTENDED PURPOSE – DISTRIBUTING IT AMONG THE VAROUS TRIBES
IV. (23:1 – 24:33) EXHORTING THE NATION OF ISREAL ONE FINAL TIME TO CONTINUED COVENANT OBEDIENCE
(24:29-33) Epilogue – Association of Joshua’s Burial with those of Joseph and Eleazar –
All in the Promised Land as a Testimony to the Faithfulness of God
Click here for full detailed outline of the Book of Joshua with commentary notes.
Doesn’t it bug you when people use XMAS as shorthand for Christmas? It just seems like a symbol for the trend in our materialistic culture – the trend of removing Christ from Christmas. There are news accounts continually of some particular school district or college or community organization banning some expression of the historical account of Christmas. Doesn’t that anger you? That is why Karen and I so much appreciated the Christmas concert we attended a week ago by the Army Field Band. Their entire performance was focused around Christmas carols that exalted the Lord Jesus.
I liked what Dr. John MacArthur had to say in his short book on Christmas – The Miracle of Christmas. He describes two modern approaches to Christmas in our culture that threaten to dilute or even remove the true significance of Christmas.
The first he defines as an effort to mythologize Christmas. He defines that as the way the world has reduced it to little more than an elaborate fable. We have introduced so many embellished details that we can’t distinguish between reality and fiction — like the 3 wise men showing up at the moment of Christ’s birth – the biblical record doesn’t pin the number at 3 and they seemed to show up sometime after His birth. So we treat Christmas as no more than a cute story we tell our little children in the same vein that we read about the 12 Days of Christmas.
But the second approach is more devastating – that is the tendency to secularize Christmas – both mingling secular figures like Santa Claus, snowmen, reindeer and increasingly emphasizing the crass consumerism of our selfish culture. We need to constantly fight to maintain the true significance of Christmas. It is not about what presents we receive … or even what presents we give to others … It is about God’s great gift of His precious Son to us.
LET’S NOT LOSE SIGHT OF WHY CHRIST CAME INTO THIS WORLD AND HOW WE SHOULD RESPOND
This is truly an amazing historical account. How in the world did Barabbas become more popular and more desirable in the eyes of the Jewish people than Jesus of Nazareth? When given the choice, how could they possibly request of Pilate that he release back into their community Barabbas, a noted rebel and thief and murderer and insurrectionist instead of Jesus, the Son of Man who had traveled through their cities doing good, teaching the wise counsel of God, healing the sick, raising the dead, showing love and compassion to all?
Perhaps there is no clearer picture anywhere else in Scripture of what is involved in the substitutionary atoning death of Jesus than in this picture of sinless Jesus taking the place of wicked Barabbas who deserved to die on that cross between the two thieves. One has to wonder whether Barabbas came to the point of saving repentance and faith as he considered the injustice heaped upon Jesus that was rightly deserved to be poured out against himself. Here was one who chose not to defend Himself from trumped up charges that could have been easily refuted; here was one who opened not his mouth but allowed himself to be led as a sheep to the slaughter; here was one who could have called 10,000 angels to destroy the world and set him free … but chose to die there for you and for me.
Perhaps there is no clearer picture anywhere else in Scripture of what is involved in calling good evil and evil good; in choosing so unwisely; in demonstrating such utter depravity as to pick the release of Barabbas over the release of the sinless Lamb of God. This was depravity magnified. This was foolishness multiplied.
Perhaps there is no clearer picture anywhere else in Scripture of the tragic consequences of pursuing a path of expediency and compromise as exemplified by Pilate rather than that of conviction and conscience. Here was a powerful political leader who clearly understood the right course of action and yet cowered before the pressure of the Jewish religious leaders and the rabid crowd who were crying out for the crucifixion of an innocent man.
Perhaps there is no clearer example anywhere else in Scripture of the sovereignty of God who took the actions of wicked men and through His predetermined plan and foreknowledge, brought the ultimate good out of the ultimate evil.
Shocked by Silence — Trial Before Pilate
Last night Karen and I enjoyed a Christmas performance by the United States Army Field Band at the ornate Hippodrome Theater in downtown Baltimore. It was a surprising Christian and gospel oriented presentation – one of the highlights being portions from Handel’s Messiah with the ringing lyrics of “King of Kings and Lord of Lord … and He must reign forever and ever … Hallelujah, Hallelujah!” This was good preparation for our text for this morning – because you cannot fully appreciate the injustice suffered by the Lord in His trials before the religious authorities (which we covered 2 weeks ago) and here today His trial before the governmental officials – Pilate and in the other synoptic accounts, Herod until you contrast that treatment with the praise and worship He deserves as King of Kings and Lord of Lords.
Parunak: The structure of 14:53-15:20 compares the trial before the Sanhedrin and that before Pilate. The one rejects Christ through deliberate malice, the other through lack of political courage.
a) In each, the Lord is confronted with two questions, one indirect (via accusers), the other direct (by the judge). In both. he declines to reply to the accusers, but does reply to the judge, and the testimony he bears in both cases is the same: he is the one to whom all dominion belongs.
b) In each, after the conclusion of the trial, the Lord is cruelly abused by the judge’s underlings.
c) In each, the condemnation by the authorities is echoed by the Lord’s denial by the common people, each time marked by three questions.
How do you respond when you are wrongly accused? We all have the identical natural response. We become extremely defensive; we seek to justify ourselves; we might lash back and attack our attackers; we marshal all the evidence that could possibly support our claims. But Jesus responded differently. He endured more intense injustice than we could ever imagine. But He never lost His poise. And He never lost His compassion.
JESUS SUFFERED UNJUST TREATMENT BY BOTH HIS HARSHEST ENEMIES AND HIS CLOSEST DISCIPLES WHILE MAINTAINING HIS COMPOSURE AND COMPASSION
Our story this morning is a very simple narrative. It is a story that we can easily jump over without stopping to grasp its significance. It is a story where preachers at a loss for how to drive home the impact can fall into the trap of vain speculation:
- Imagine you were in the Garden of Gethsemane with Jesus; how would you have felt?
Who cares? It is not always all about you.
- What does it feel like to be abandoned by your close friends?
Who cares? Not why God preserved this account for us.
- Look at all of the references to clubs and swords; what does this passage teach us about gun control today? – What?? Now we are bordering on the ridiculous
Missing the point entirely!
Structure of passage shows us the emphasis – same verb used twice – vv. 50, 52 “fled” – even though translated differently in the English
Everybody abandons Jesus; Jesus ends up standing alone to face the suffering that lies ahead for him.
Abandonment: To withdraw one’s support or help from, especially in spite of duty, allegiance, or responsibility; desert: abandon a friend in trouble
Highlights the nature of the sacrifice for sin made by our Passover Lamb:
- He is the only sinless substitute that could propitiate the wrath of the Father
- He laid down His life voluntarily; not as some victim of circumstances
- He laid down His life in complete obedience to the will of His Heavenly Father
- He shed His blood to atone for our sins and provide us with undeserved forgiveness
Contrasting responses to this account of betrayal and unjust arrest:
- On the part of Jesus
- On the part of His closest disciples
- On the part of some unidentified follower
The events culminating God’s eternally decreed Plan for Redemption are now rapidly unfolding.
ONLY THE SUFFERING SERVANT EMBRACES GOD’S PLAN FOR REDEMPTION
Our passage for this morning gives us profound insight into the humanity of the God-Man, our Lord Jesus Christ. We see the depths of His emotions as He grapples with the imminent reality of the Cross; of the sinless, spotless Passover Lamb being made sin for us and bearing our sin on the cross to accomplish our redemption. Holiness that hates sin is now going to be made sin and suffer the punishment of God for undeserving sinners. The hour foreordained by the Father is now at hand. He is preparing Himself to fully drink the cup of His Father’s wrath, to be baptized with the baptism of suffering and death on our behalf. His ministry on earth has concluded. He has reached the culmination of His ultimate purpose in leaving His Father’s heavenly home and taking on humanity in the Incarnation and coming to earth on a mission – to give His life as a ransom for many.
In His darkest hour of preparation for what lies ahead, He turns to His Heavenly Father in heartfelt prayer in the isolation of the Garden of Gethsemane. He only asks that His band of disciples (minus the traitor Judas who has departed to betray Him) offer Him companionship and support in this time of preparation. He charges them to watch and to wait as He goes off to pray alone to His Heavenly Father. These disciples who have made such presumptuous claims of their unwavering loyalty and support; these disciples who have pledged to follow Him even to death, prove to be an utter disappointment as Jesus must grapple alone with His Father over embracing God’s will for what lies ahead.
In the intensity of warfare there is nothing more disturbing and discouraging than to have a comrade in arms turn tail and become a deserter in the face of the imminent danger. Warfare forges a bond with deep roots where every soldier has the back of every other soldier. I was just watching a Mel Gibson film about the Vietnam War – We Were Soldiers – and thankful that I did not have to serve in that bloody conflict. Jesus and His disciples were united together in a far more dangerous and far more significant warfare – that between the kingdom of God and the domain of Satan. As the intensity ratchets up with Jesus just hours away from going to the cross, there never was a time when loyalty and courage would be more in demand. Sadly there never was a time when Jesus would end up being more alone on the battlefield.
John Mark knew what it was like to be labeled a “deserter” and a “failure” in Christian ministry. After he had left the Apostle Paul and Barnabas in the lurch and run back home from Pamphylia (Acts 16:36-41), he was later rejected by Paul for inclusion in the next round of missionary visits. Barnabas was more forgiving and encouraging … so there was a split between Paul and Barnabas and two different teams were formed – Paul and Silas and Barnabas and Mark. Subsequently Mark proved his loyalty and devotion to Christ so that even Paul approved of him in the end.
Certainly Peter also knew what it was like to be labeled a “deserter” and a “failure” in Christian ministry as we are reminded in our present passage in Mark’s Gospel. Remember: Mark got a lot of his material from Peter who was the actual eyewitness to these events of Christ’s earthly ministry. It must have been crushing for Peter to go through the embarrassing episodes of denying Christ – as we will study in coming weeks.
But both Mark and Peter also knew what it was like to be forgiven and restored to positions of ministry and influence by the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ. They had not been permanently cast aside because of their failures. But their faith had actually been strengthened and they were able to minister even more effectively after they had come to grips with their weakness. They understood that reliance on Christ alone and boasting in him proved the sufficiency of His grace – that His power is actually perfected in our weakness (2 Cor. 12:9).
WE CANNOT GUARANTEE UNBROKEN LOYALTY TO OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST
In this key passage as we transition from the celebration of the Passover Feast to the institution of the Lord’s Supper, we are moving from the Old Covenant to the New Covenant. This is a watershed moment in human history. We are looking at the events on the Thursday evening before the Friday crucifixion of Jesus Christ – the central event to which all of the types and prophecies of the Old Testament pointed. Christianity is all about the Person of Jesus Christ. And Christianity is all about the Cross of Christ.
“We preach Christ crucified” proclaims the Apostle Paul to the believers at Corinth – “to Jews a stumbling block and to Gentiles foolishness, but to those who are the called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.” (1 Cor. 1:23-24)
A lot of people claim to believe in the inerrancy of the Scriptures and own Jesus Christ as their Savior. But they still have a huge problem trusting the Lord because they fail to appreciate His sufficiency. So they read their Bibles to look for words of wisdom and yet still find themselves caught in the bondage of temptation and sin. To understand their behavior they turn to secular psychologists and counselors in hopes of closing that gap between their Expectations and their Experience. They fail to appreciate the sufficiency of Jesus Christ because they fail to grasp the significance of the Cross. What actually did Jesus accomplish on the Cross? What did He mean when He cried out “It is finished!”
Our passage this morning walks us through three very critical events in the final hours of Passion Week:
1) Preparation for Eating the Passover
2) Prediction of Betrayal at the Eating of the Passover
3) Institution of the Lord’s Supper – providing a Pattern for our celebration of it
THE SUFFICIENCY OF CHRIST AND THE CENTRALITY OF THE CROSS ARE ANTICIPATED IN THE CELEBRATION OF PASSOVER BUT REALIZED IN THE INSTITUTION OF THE LORD’S SUPPER –
TRANSITION HERE FROM THE OLD COVENANT TO THE NEW COVENANT